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Optimize notmuch's performance

  1. Optimize notmuch's performance
    1. Use of ecryptfs slows notmuch down.
    2. Xapian database format: chert vs. flint vs. glass

Use of ecryptfs slows notmuch down.

I noticed that my notmuch new was really slow (several minutes) for less then 20 new emails (around 20K in my database).

The performance tests in the notmuch source didn't show any real issue, even on a non-encrypted ext4 fs.

After investigation and running different tests, a switch to a LUKS-btrfs based filesystem to replace the ext4-ecryptfs resolved the issue. It now takes some seconds to index hundreds of messages.

Xapian database format: chert vs. flint vs. glass

Depending on the Xapian version that was used during the initial notmuch database creation, you might use another database format than the most recent one, which is often faster.

Check whether you are on chert, flint or glass:

$ ls $(notmuch config get database.path)/.notmuch/xapian/iam*

If it does not say iamglass, but iamchert or iamflint, than you should migrate (read on).

There might be a file named flintlock, it is no indicator for your database format, but also used in case of chert.

Migrate from an older format to the most recent one (glass)

Make sure you are using xapian 1.4.x (depends on your distribution)

XXX: add examples for different distributions

Backup your notmuch tags:

$ cd
$ notmuch dump --output=notmuch-dump-oldformat

Move away your old database:

$ mv $(notmuch config get database.path)/.notmuch/ notmuch-db.bak

Find and import your messages, a new and fresh database will be created:

$ notmuch new

Restore your tags:

$ notmuch restore --input=notmuch-dump-oldformat

Check whether you are on glass now:

$ ls $(notmuch config get database.path)/.notmuch/xapian/iam*

If it says iamflint or iamchert, most likely you are still using an old xapian version.

Clean-up: if you are sure everything is fine, you can delete the old things. The dump of your tags you might want to keep anyway as a backup - on the other hand you should have some mechanism in place to make regular backups of your notmuch database:

$ rm notmuch-dump-oldformat
$ rm -R notmuch-db.bak

Compact your database

In order to greatly reduce the size of your database, you should compact it. Carl says "This functionality is not yet available in the Xapian library interface or else I would probably make notmuch call it after building the database." and Pieter "[compacting] will cause writes to be a bit more expensive in the short term, but will significantly reduce the db's size, which your SSD will surely appreciate."

This needs xapian 1.2

Backup your database:

$ cd
$ notmuch dump --output=notmuch-dump-b4compact

Compact it:

$ cd $(notmuch config get database.path)/.notmuch
$ xapian-compact --no-renumber xapian xapian-compacted

Remove old and renamed compacted, if compacting went well:

$ rm -R xapian
$ mv xapian-compacted xapian

More information about this in the email archives: